China’s economy has entered a medium-to-low-speed development period from long-term high-speed development. Most traditional industrial industries (such as coal, steel, cement, etc.) have experienced serious overcapacity. Under the circumstance of changes in the times and the market demand, some of the lack of capital and policy attention to the traditional industries such as sand aggregate re-emerged.
Three stages of sand and gravel aggregate development
The development of the sand and gravel aggregate industry is a process of continuous development along with the development of infrastructure and the advancement of sand and gravel aggregate production equipment technology.
From the development stage, it can be roughly divided into three stages:
From 1949 to 1978, the industry started, the sand and gravel aggregate industry developed slowly, the demand for aggregates of sand and gravel was small, and natural resources were sufficient.
From 1978 to 2012, the rapid development stage of the industry, along with a series of opportunities brought about by the reform and opening up, infrastructure construction, engineering construction and real estate development grew rapidly, and the demand for sand and gravel aggregates continued to increase. Natural resources are depleted, supply is weak, demand for sand and gravel market continues to expand, production processes and technologies continue to develop, and mechanism sandstones are increasingly dominant, with mechanism sand and aggregates as a by-product.
Since 2012, the demand for sand and aggregate aggregates has increased year by year and stabilized in the industry transformation stage. In 2014, China’s construction sand and gravel consumption exceeded 15 billion tons for the first time. In 2018, market demand stabilized at around 18 billion tons. The technology of sandstone production is becoming more and more mature, and the production methods are also developing in the direction of modernization, large-scale, environmental protection and intelligence. The aggregate structure of sand and gravel aggregates has been comprehensively transformed and upgraded in terms of production methods, regional scope, business model, management model, product quality and environmental protection measures.
Eco-environmental requirements promote the reshaping of the industry
With the enhancement of eco-environmental awareness and the continuous advancement of ecological civilization construction, the sandstone aggregate industry pattern has been continuously reshaped. In recent years, the government has issued a series of related industrial policies for the sand and gravel aggregate industry to further standardize the production model of the sand and gravel industry. Guide and encourage scientific and rational exploitation in a modern industrialized way; continuously promote the progress of sand and gravel technology, increase technological innovation and application of new equipment and new processes; make full use of resources, reduce waste of resources brought about by extensive production; advocate green sand Stone and green mine development, sand and gravel production in a more ecological and environmentally friendly way.
Especially in the report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the construction of ecological civilization has been mentioned to an unprecedented height. Sustainable development and green development have become the main theme of economic and social development. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China will write in the report “The idea of establishing and practicing green water and green mountains is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan”. Under the guidance of the two mountains theory and the construction of ecological civilization, the green development concept of the sand and gravel industry is firmly established! Government departments at all levels also cooperate to launch a series of activities.
In 2018, the environmental protection storm continued, the river ban was strengthened, the shutdown and integration operations continued to deepen, and the supply of sand and gravel market was further tightened. On the other hand, the state vigorously promoted infrastructure investment and short-board investment, and the market demand for sand and gravel aggregate continued to be strong. Stone aggregate supply has become a concern.
The external environment forces enterprises to develop in the direction of scale and environmental protection. The owners of sand and gravel aggregates pay more attention to the coordinated development of ecological environment protection during the development of mineral resources. Many state-owned enterprises and large building materials enterprises have accelerated the development of sand and gravel aggregates business by virtue of their strong strength, advanced technology and management experience.
After rapid development in recent years, the sand and gravel aggregate industry has basically bid farewell to the traditional rough production methods and embarked on the road of sustainable development of modern green environmental protection.