As was expected, the budget for FY 2018-19 turned out to be ‘people centric’ as this is the election year in Pakistan. By curtailing the tax liability of individuals and increasing minimum pensions, the government has tried to woo the voters for the upcoming elections. It remains to be seen whether the effect of increase in family disposable income is off-set by the spiraling inflation or not. The government has come under fire as the cost of relief exceeds revenue measures. The budget has also left the real estate and construction sector disgruntled as they feel they did not get the attention they deserved. On the external front, the challenge will now be for the incumbent government to bridge the widening resource gap.
Some of the key features of the budget for FY 2018-19 are summarized as under:
|Head||Amount (PKR)||%age increase/decrease|
|FBR revenue target||4,435 Billion||10.50%|
|Natural gas development surcharge||16 Billion||(63.00%)|
|Petroleum levy||300 Billion||200%|
|Public debt||406 Billion||28.90%|
|Debt servicing (domestic)||229 Billion||73.50%|
|Debt servicing (foreign)||1,391 Billion||13.00%|
|Law courts||5.63 Billion||8.80%|
|Water Division||79 Billion||200%|
|Power Division||36 Billion||(40.00%)|
|Housing & Works Division||5.4 Billion||(50.00%)|
Other talking points of the budget are as under:
- Corporate tax to be reduced from 30% to 25% till 2023.
- Super tax to be phased out by 2021.
- For income between Rs. 400,000 to 800,000, income tax will be Rs. 1,000 and for income between Rs. 800,000 to 1,200,000, income tax will be Rs. 2,000
- To facilitate public companies, the condition of distributing 40% of after tax profits is being reduced to 20%.
- The tax rate on transfer of banking instruments, which are more than Rs. 50,000 was reduced to 0.4% from 0.6% for non-filers.
- Withdrawal of 5% tax on bonus shares.
- Duty on CKD kits for electric cars reduced to 10% from 50%.
- 6% relief for RLNG imports.
- 104 tariff lines zero rated for custom duty.
- 0% tax on fresh investment in oil refining.
The budget drew mixed reaction from the trade and industry. While some say that steps taken for the correction in tax regime are in the right direction while exporters are of the view that there wasn’t much for them in the budget and that the cost of doing business has not been reduced. There are some suggestions that were accepted by the government while there are many other proposals that haven’t been implemented.
On the face of it, the budget could be termed as ‘by the businessmen’ and ‘for the businessmen’. For the small investors, the situation is very much the same. For big businesses, automobile and steel sector are major losers while chemicals and gas distribution companies are major gainers. The impact of budget on banks will be neutral as it did not come very hard on the non-filers. Due to improvement in disposable income, it is expected that middle class families may be able to save more hence some activity could be seen in mutual funds industry.